Hydraulic cylinders are commonly found in industrial machines. Consisting of an actuator, it uses hydrostatic energy to generate force. Hydraulic cylinders essentially use fluid to create a pull or push force. Because they contain fluid, however, they require the use of seals. There are hydraulic seals found in most hydraulic cylinders. What are hydraulic seals exactly?
Overview of Hydraulic SealsPump Composite Wear Ring Key Features
Pump wear rings are simple components, but they have a profound impact on pump reliability, efficiency, and safety.
Most centrifugal pump designs include replaceable rotating wear rings on the impeller (impeller wear rings) and stationary wear rings inside the casing (case wear rings). The wear rings in a pump serve three key purposes:
Create the contact area between rotating and stationary parts inside the pump
Reduce internal recirculation from pump discharge to pump suction or between stages
Create hydraulic forces which stabilize the pump rotorThe guide ring or wear ring guides a hydraulic cylinder piston and rod and absorbs lateral forces. Metal to metal contact between the moving parts of the cylinder, for instance between the piston and the cylinder or the rod and the cylinder head. The advantages of these non-metallic guide rings (compared with traditional metal guide rings) are, among others, a high bearing load capacity, the elimination of local stress concentrations, wear resistance, a low coefficient of friction, and low maintenance costs.SKF guide strips are made of PTFE as standard and should only be used in light-duty applications or when fluid, temperature, friction, or speed do not allow any other material. They are typically used with PTFE sealing systems.
PTFE guide strips are available with different designs and can be cut with different configurations.
Guide strips cut to lengthBushings also called flexible or anti-vibration mountings, allow parts to move without transmitting vibration to the cabin. Limited-motion joints, like control arms and sway bar links, usually use bushings. Bushings are also used in non-moving parts, such as body mounts and strut mounts.
Some bushings are filled with oil, and others may be molded to be softer or harder in one direction. The simplest bushing consists of a metal inner sleeve bonded to an outer metal sleeve with rubber. On control arms, like those in the front end, the outer sleeve is pressed into the control arm, and a bolt affixes the inner sleeve to the frame. Neither sleeve moves, but the flexible rubber allows a limited range of motion between them. Rubber doesn’t transmit vibrations well, which prevents them from reaching the cabin.Bearings are "parts that assist objects' rotation". They support the shaft that rotates inside the machinery.
Machines that use bearings include automobiles, airplanes, electric generators, and so on. They are even used in household appliances that we all use every day, such as refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, and air-conditioners.
Bearings support the rotating shafts of the wheels, gears, turbines, rotors, etc. in those machines, allowing them to rotate more smoothly.